Keratopathy is a term that refers to a group of diseases of the cornea with a vast array of underlying causes and mechanisms
Following are the types of keratopathy and their characteristics:
Exposure keratopathy: It is damage to the cornea that occurs primarily from prolonged exposure of the ocular surface to the outside environment. It can lead to ulceration, microbial keratitis, and permanent vision loss from scarring
Calcific band keratopathy: It is a corneal degeneration that is most often composed of calcium phosphate deposits in the superficial cornea
Band keratopathy: It is a disease of the cornea that causes calcium deposits in some layers of the cornea. It can be caused by an underlying condition, such as chronic kidney disease or hypercalcemia
Superficial punctate keratitis: It is a type of keratopathy that causes damage to small pockets of epithelial cells. It is commonly seen in corneal inflammation
Metabolic keratopathy: It is caused by the abnormal accumulation of proteins, carbohydrates, or fats in the cornea due to a wide array of metabolic disorders
Neurotrophic keratopathy: It is a disease of the cornea caused by decreased corneal nerve function
Here are some causes of keratopathy:
Exposure to the outside environment for a prolonged period of time can cause exposure keratopathy.
The causes of keratopathy can be local or systemic, and each type of keratopathy is associated with different clinical scenarios.
Signs and symptoms of keratopathy include:
The diagnosis of keratopathy depends on the underlying cause and the clinical scenario associated with it.
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