Heart valve replacement (prosthesis):

To treat heart related diseases, surgeons tend to perform heart valve repair or replacement surgeries. Heart valve disease includes at any rate one of the four heart valves not working appropriately. Heart valves keep blood streaming the right way through your heart. The four valves are the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pneumonic valve and aortic valve. Every valve has folds — called handouts for the mitral and tricuspid valves and cusps for the aortic and pneumonic valves. During each heartbeat they open and close repeatedly. Valves that don't open or close appropriately upset blood course through your heart to your body.

In heart valve surgery, your specialist repairs or replaces the influenced heart valves. Numerous careful methodologies can be utilized to repair or replace heart valves, including open-heart surgery or insignificantly obtrusive heart surgery. Your treatment relies upon a few elements, including your age, your wellbeing, the state of the influenced heart valve and the seriousness of your condition.

What Are The Risks Of Heart Valve Surgery?

Conceivable Heart Valve Surgery Hazards Include:

  • Excessive Bleeding
  • Heart attack
  • Infection
  • Valve brokenness influencing replaced valves
  • Unpredictable heart cadence (arrhythmia)
  • Stroke
  • Death

Heart Valve Replacement

In the event that your heart valve can't be repaired, and a catheter-based strategy isn't achievable, the valve may should be replaced. To replace a heart valve, a professional medical care provider eliminates the heart valve and replaces it with a mechanical valve, or a valve produced using cow, pig or human heart tissue (natural tissue valve).

Organic valves frequently in the end should be replaced, as they degenerate after some time. On the off chance that you have a mechanical valve, you'll need to take blood-diminishing prescriptions for the remainder of your life to forestall blood clusters. Specialists will talk about with you the dangers and advantages of each kind of valve.

Description Percentage

For indefinite period following date of hospital admission for valve replacement



Description Percentage

Chronic congestive heart failure, or; workload of 3 METs or less results in dyspnea, fatigue, angina, dizziness, or syncope, or; left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction of less than 30 percent

Description Percentage

More than one episode of acute congestive heart failure in the past year, or; workload of greater than 3 METs but not greater than 5 METs results in dyspnea, fatigue, angina, dizziness, or syncope, or; left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction of 30 to 50 percent

Description Percentage

Workload of greater than 5 METs but not greater than 7 METs results in dyspnea, fatigue, angina, dizziness, or syncope, or; evidence of cardiac hypertrophy or dilatation on electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, or X-ray

Description Percentage

Workload of greater than 7 METs but not greater than 10 METs results in dyspnea, fatigue, angina, dizziness, or syncope, or; continuous medication required


Heart valve replacement (prosthesis): 

Heart valve replacement, also known as valve prosthesis, is a surgical procedure to replace a damaged or diseased heart valve with an artificial one. This procedure is typically recommended for people with heart valve disorders that impair the normal flow of blood through the heart and can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, and fainting. A heart valve replacement can help to restore normal heart function, improve symptoms, and reduce the risk of further complications.


You might need heart valve replacement due to the following causes:

  • Congenital heart valve defects
  • Degenerative diseases such as calcific aortic stenosis
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Endocarditis is an infection of the heart's inner lining
  • Damage to the heart valve from a heart attack


The signs and symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, or feet


Diagnosing a heart valve disorder typically involves a thorough physical exam, medical history review, and various tests to evaluate heart function and identify any underlying causes. The tests used may include:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) to measure the heart's electrical activity
  • Echocardiogram to visualize heart structure and function
  • Chest X-ray to visualize the heart and lungs
  • Cardiac catheterization to assess blood flow through the heart valves

Note: A rating of 100 percent shall be assigned as of the date of hospital admission for valve replacement. Six months following discharge, the appropriate disability rating shall be determined by mandatory VA examination. Any change in evaluation based upon that or any subsequent examination shall be subject to the provisions of §3.105(e) of this chapter.

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