Vibriosis is a potentially serious illness caused by pathogenic strains of the Vibrio genus of bacteria. There are two types of vibriosis: cholera and non-cholera. Vibrio cholerae strains O1 and O139 cause cholera, while other pathogenic strains of Vibrio cause non-cholera vibriosis.
Vibrio bacteria are a natural part of the estuarine ecosystem, with higher levels present in warm water of moderate salinity. Vibrio bacteria can cause three types of infection: gastrointestinal, wound, and blood. Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus are the most common species causing non-cholera vibriosis in the United States.
Symptoms of non-cholera vibriosis can vary depending on the type of infection and may include watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, and/or skin lesions. Symptoms of cholera include sudden onset of watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps. In severe cases, dehydration and electrolyte imbalances can occur, leading to shock and death.
Diagnosing vibriosis involves a thorough medical history and physical examination, as well as laboratory tests to confirm the presence of Vibrio bacteria. Stool samples or blood cultures may be collected and tested for the presence of Vibrio bacteria. In addition, imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), may be performed to evaluate the extent of the infection.
Evaluate under the General Rating Formula
Note: Rate residuals of cholera and non-cholera vibrio infections, such as renal failure, skin, and musculoskeletal conditions, within the appropriate body system
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