Pharynx, injuries to:

Pharynx, injuries to:

The pharynx is a muscular funnel-shaped passageway that connects the mouth and nose to the esophagus and larynx. Injuries to the pharynx can occur due to various reasons, including trauma, infections, and tumors. Here are the details regarding causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of pharyngeal injuries:


Pharyngeal Injuries are caused by:

  • Trauma

Injuries to the pharynx can occur due to trauma, such as a blow to the neck or head.

  • Infections

Infections such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis, and epiglottitis can cause inflammation and injury to the pharynx.

  • Tumors

Tumors in the pharynx can cause injury and damage to the surrounding tissues.

  • Chemical burns

Ingestion of caustic substances can cause chemical burns to the pharynx.

  • Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer can cause injury to the pharynx.


Observable signs and symptoms of Pharyngeal Injuries include:

  • Sore throat

Pain and discomfort in the throat are common symptoms of pharyngeal injuries.

  • Difficulty swallowing

Injuries to the pharynx can cause difficulty in swallowing.

  • Hoarseness

Changes in voice quality, such as hoarseness, can be a symptom of pharyngeal injuries.

  • Coughing

Persistent or chronic coughing may occur due to the injury to the pharynx.

  • Difficulty breathing

In severe cases, pharyngeal injuries can cause difficulty in breathing.


Pharyngeal Injuries diagnosis involves utilizing tests such as:

  • Physical examination

A thorough examination of the throat and neck is performed to assess the presence of injury.

  • Imaging tests

Imaging tests such as CT scan, MRI, or PET scan may be used to visualize the injury and determine its extent.

  • Laryngoscopy

A laryngoscopy procedure allows direct visualization of the pharynx and can help identify the site and severity of the injury.

  • Biopsy

A biopsy may be performed to rule out any underlying causes, such as cancer or infection.

Description Percentage

Stricture or obstruction of pharynx or nasopharynx, or; absence of soft palate secondary to trauma, chemical burn, or granulomatous disease, or; paralysis of soft palate with swallowing difficulty (nasal regurgitation) and speech impairment


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