Osteomalacia means "soft bones." Osteomalacia is a disease that weakens bones and can cause them to break more easily. It is a disorder of decreased mineralization, which results in bone breaking down faster than it can re-form. It is a condition that occurs in adults.
A lack of the proper amount of calcium in the blood can lead to weak and soft bones. Low blood calcium can be caused by low vitamin D level in the blood.
Vitamin D is absorbed from food or produced by the skin when exposed to sunlight. Lack of vitamin D produced by the skin may occur in people who:
You may not get enough vitamin D from your diet if you:
If you also have very low levels of calcium in your blood, you may have:
Blood tests are done to diagnose the condition. If it shows any of the following, you may have osteomalacia or another bone disorder:
Alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes test is another method to help make the diagnosis. High levels indicate osteomalacia.
Another blood test can check your levels of parathyroid hormone. High levels of this hormone suggest insufficient vitamin D and other related problems.
X-rays and other imaging tests can show small cracks in your bones. These cracks are called Looser’s transformation zones. Fractures can begin in these zones even with small injuries.
Bone biopsy also helps in diagnosing osteomalacia. A needle is inserted through your skin and muscle and into your bone to get a small sample. Sample is put on a slide to examine it under a microscope.
Usually, an X-ray and blood tests are enough to make a diagnosis, and a bone biopsy isn’t necessary.
This condition will be rated on limitation of motion of affected body part.
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