Nephrosclerosis, arteriolar:

Nephrosclerosis, arteriolar: 

Arteriolar Nephrosclerosis is a condition that affects the small arteries in the kidneys, causing them to narrow and harden. This can lead to reduced blood flow to the kidneys, which can result in damage to the kidney tissues. 


The causes of arteriolar nephrosclerosis include:

  • Chronic high blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Aging
  • Smoking
  • High cholesterol levels


Symptoms of arteriolar nephrosclerosis include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Proteinuria (the presence of excess protein in the urine)
  • Edema (swelling), particularly in the ankles and legs
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Decreased urine output


Diagnosis of arteriolar nephrosclerosis typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests (such as urine and blood tests), and imaging studies (such as ultrasound or CT scans) to evaluate kidney function and identify any structural abnormalities. A kidney biopsy may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other possible causes of kidney damage.

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