Malignant neoplasm of the ear (other than skin only)

Description Percentage

Malignant neoplasm of the ear (other than skin only)

A malignant neoplasm of the ear refers to a cancerous tumor that develops in any part of the ear, excluding the skin of the outer ear. It is a rare condition, and the specific type of cancer can vary. The most common types of ear cancer include squamous cell carcinomas, basal cell carcinomas, melanomas, adenoid cystic carcinomas, and ceruminous adenocarcinomas.

Causes of Malignant Neoplasm of the Ear

The exact causes of malignant neoplasms of the ear are not fully understood. However, certain risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing ear cancer:

  • Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as radiation or certain chemicals
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection (linked to some middle ear cancers)
  • Previous radiotherapy to the head and neck area

Symptoms of Malignant Neoplasm of the Ear

The symptoms of malignant neoplasms of the ear can vary depending on the location and type of tumor. Some common symptoms include:

  • Persistent ear pain
  • Hearing loss or changes in hearing
  • Ear discharge or bleeding
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • Facial weakness or paralysis
  • Swelling or lumps in the ear or neck area
  • Dizziness or vertigo
  • Headaches
  • Facial numbness or tingling

Diagnosis of Malignant Neoplasm of the Ear

The diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the ear involves a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional, typically an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist). The diagnostic process may include:

Medical history

The healthcare provider will inquire about the individual's symptoms, medical history, and any potential risk factors.

Physical examination

A thorough examination of the ear, head, and neck will be conducted to assess any abnormalities or signs of tumor growth.

Imaging tests

Imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), may be performed to visualize the tumor and determine its size and extent.


A tissue sample may be taken from the tumor for laboratory analysis to confirm the presence of cancer cells and determine the specific type of cancer.

Additional tests

Additional tests, such as blood tests or hearing tests, may be conducted to assess overall health and evaluate the impact of the tumor on hearing function.



Note: A rating of 100 percent shall continue beyond the cessation of any surgical, radiation treatment, antineoplastic chemotherapy or other therapeutic procedure. Six months after discontinuance of such treatment, the appropriate disability rating shall be determined by mandatory VA examination. Any change in evaluation based on that or any subsequent examination shall be subject to the provisions of §3.105(e) of this chapter. If there has been no local recurrence or metastasis, rate on residuals.

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