Cirrhosis of the liver, primary biliary cirrhosis, or cirrhotic phase of sclerosing cholangitis:


Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by numerous forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism.

Each time your liver is harmed — regardless of whether by disease, excessive liquor consumption or another cause — it tries to fix itself. In the process, scar tissue forms. As cirrhosis progresses, increasingly more scar tissue forms, making it hard for the liver to work (decompensated cirrhosis). Progressed cirrhosis is hazardous.

The liver damage done by cirrhosis for the most part can't be fixed. In any case, if liver cirrhosis is diagnosed early and the cause is dealt with, further damage can be restricted and, infrequently, reversed.


Individuals with cirrhosis may have not many or no symptoms and signs of liver disease. Some of the symptoms might be nonspecific and don't suggest the liver is their cause. Normal symptoms and signs of cirrhosis include:

  • Yellowing of the skin (jaundice) because of the aggregation of bilirubin in the blood
  • Exhaustion
  • Weakness
  • Loss of hunger
  • Tingling
  • Easy bruising from decreased creation of blood coagulating factors by the diseased liver.

Individuals with cirrhosis of the liver also create symptoms and signs from the complications of the disease.

Risk Factors

  • Drinking A Lot Liquor

Excessive liquor consumption is a risk factor for cirrhosis.

  • Being Overweight

 Being obese increases your risk of conditions that may prompt cirrhosis, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

  • Having Viral Hepatitis

 Not every person with chronic hepatitis will create cirrhosis, but rather it's one of the world's driving causes of liver disease.


Description Percentage

Generalized weakness, substantial weight loss, and persistent jaundice, or; with one of the following refractory to treatment: ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, hemorrhage from varices or portal gastropathy (erosive gastritis)

Description Percentage

History of two or more episodes of ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, or hemorrhage from varices or portal gastropathy (erosive gastritis), but with periods of remission between attacks

Description Percentage

History of one episode of ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, or hemorrhage from varices or portal gastropathy (erosive gastritis)

Description Percentage

Portal hypertension and splenomegaly, with weakness, anorexia, abdominal pain, malaise, and at least minor weight loss

Description Percentage

Symptoms such as weakness, anorexia, abdominal pain, and malaise


Note: For evaluation under diagnostic code 7312, documentation of cirrhosis (by biopsy or imaging) and abnormal liver function tests must be present.

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