Bones, caisson disease of arthritis, cord involvement, or deafness

Bones, caisson disease of arthritis, cord involvement, or deafness

Caisson disease is a condition that can occur in people who work in compressed air environments, such as deep-sea divers, tunnel workers, or construction workers. It is also known as decompression sickness, and it can cause a range of symptoms, including arthritis, cord involvement, deafness, and other complications.


Caisson disease is caused by a rapid change in pressure that can cause bubbles of nitrogen to form in the bloodstream and tissues. This can occur when a person ascends too quickly from a compressed air environment, leading to the following causes:

  • Diving
  • High-altitude flying
  • Tunnel construction
  • Mining
  • Other compressed air environments


The symptoms of caisson disease can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but common symptoms include:

  • Joint pain, swelling, and stiffness (caisson disease arthritis)
  • Muscle weakness or paralysis (cord involvement)
  • Dizziness, confusion, or loss of consciousness
  • Shortness of breath or chest pain
  • Skin rashes or itching
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Numbness or tingling in the limbs (decompression sickness)


Diagnosis of caisson disease typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests, including:

  • Blood tests to check for signs of nitrogen bubbles and other abnormalities
  • Imaging tests, such as X-rays or MRI, to evaluate the extent of joint damage or cord involvement
  • Audiometry or other hearing tests to evaluate the extent of hearing loss (deafness)

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