Benign neoplasms of the eye, orbit, and adnexa refer to non-cancerous tumors that develop in the structures of the eye, the surrounding orbit (eye socket), and its adnexa (related tissues and structures). Unlike malignant neoplasms, benign tumors do not invade nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body.
The causes of benign neoplasms of the eye, orbit, and adnexa include:
Certain genetic mutations or inherited conditions can increase the risk of developing benign tumors in the eye and its surrounding structures.
Exposure to certain substances or radiation may contribute to the development of benign neoplasms in the eye and orbit.
The risk of developing benign tumors in the eye and orbit may increase with age.
Fluctuations in hormone levels may play a role in the development of certain benign tumors in the eye and its adnexa.
Signs and symptoms of benign neoplasms of the eye, orbit, and adnexa:
The diagnosis of benign neoplasms of the eye, orbit, and adnexa:
Comprehensive eye examination
This includes visual acuity testing, assessment of eye structures, and evaluation of the optic nerve.
Imaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or ultrasound may be used to visualize the eye, orbit, and surrounding tissues, and detect the presence, size, and characteristics of the benign tumor.
In some cases, a tissue sample may be obtained from the suspected tumor for pathological analysis to confirm the benign nature of the tumor.
Consultation with a specialist
Referral to an ophthalmologist or an ocular oncologist may be necessary for further evaluation, management, and treatment planning.
Separately evaluate visual and nonvisual impairment, e.g., disfigurement (diagnostic code 7800), and combine the evaluations.
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