Arthritis, typhoid

Arthritis, typhoid

Arthritis is a common condition that causes inflammation and pain in the joints. Typhoid arthritis, on the other hand, is a rare complication of typhoid fever caused by the Salmonella typhi bacterium. It is a form of reactive arthritis that can develop after a person recovers from typhoid fever.


The primary cause of typhoid arthritis is infection with the Salmonella typhi bacterium, which can enter the body through contaminated food or water. The bacteria can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, fatigue, headache, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In some cases, the bacteria can also spread to the joints, causing inflammation and arthritis.


The symptoms of typhoid arthritis can include:

  • Pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints, especially in the knees and ankles
  • Redness and warmth around the affected joint(s)
  • Fever, chills, and sweating
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Headache and muscle aches
  • Diarrhea and abdominal pain

These symptoms can develop several weeks after a person recovers from typhoid fever.


Diagnosis of typhoid arthritis typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests, including:

  • Blood tests to check for signs of infection and inflammation
  • Joint fluid analysis to check for the presence of bacteria and signs of inflammation
  • Imaging tests, such as X-rays or MRI, to evaluate the extent of joint damage

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